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The GAP

The GAP
The Gap, Australia, 2020-2021
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are the Indigenous peoples of Australia. They are comprise hundreds of groups that have their own distinct set of languages, histories and cultural traditions. Colonisation severely disrupted Aboriginal society and economy – epidemic disease caused an immediate loss of life, and the occupation of land by settlers and the restriction of Aboriginal people to ‘reserves’ disrupted their ability to support themselves. Indigenous Australians experience disadvantage in almost all measures of health and welfare when compared with non-Indigenous Australians; this disparity has become known as ‘the Gap’. Indigenous Australians live in all parts of the nation, from cities to remote tropical and desert areas. The number of Indigenous Australians in 2021 was estimated to be 881,600.
The year 2020 saw the signing of a new National Agreement on Closing the Gap, for the first time an agreement developed in genuine partnership between Australian governments and the Coalition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peak Organisations. Its aim is to work together to ‘overcome the inequality experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and achieve life outcomes equal to all Australians’. The Indigenous Australian population is projected to reach about 1.1 million people by 2031.